Child at public water station (Bolivia) - Photo: Stephen Bechenheimer/World Bank

Helping to ensure the availability and sustainable management water and sanitation for all

The Challenge

In 2015, all 193 members of the United Nations committed to achieving Sustainable Development Goal 6 - to ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all, by 2030.

The 2016 UN Joint Monitoring Program (JMP) assessment, published in 2017, concluded that

71% of the global population had access to drinking water from a safely-managed source and, 39% used safely-managed sanitation.

Thus with a world population of 7.5 billion in 2016,

2.175 billion people did not have access to safely-managed drinking water and 4.575 billion did not have access to safely-managed sanitation.

SDG 6 Targets/Indicators

6.1 By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all.

6.1.1 - Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services

Safely managed drinking water services definition and JMP normative interpretation

6.2 By 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all, and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations.

6.2.1 - Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services, including a handwashing facility with soap and water

Safely managed sanitation service definition and JMP normative interpretation

6.3 By 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally.

6.3.1 - Proportion of wastewater safely treated

6.3.2 - Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality

6.4 By 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity, and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity.

6.4.1 - Change in water use efficiency over time

6.4.2 - Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources

6.5 By 2030, implement integrated water resources management at all levels, including through transboundary cooperation as appropriate.

6.5.1 - Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100)

6.5.2 - Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation

6.6 By 2020, protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes.

6.6.1 - Change over time in spatial extent of water-related ecosystems and inland open waters, quantity of water in ecosystems and, Quality of water in ecosystems (see indicator 6.3.2)

6.a By 2030, expand international cooperation and capacity-building support to developing countries in water and sanitation related activities and programs, including water harvesting, desalination, water efficiency, wastewater treatment, recycling and reuse technologies

6.a.1 - Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance that is part of a government-coordinated spending plan

6.b Support and strengthen the participation of local communities in improving water and sanitation management.

6.b.1 - Proportion of local administrative units with established and operational policies and procedures for participation of local communities in water and sanitation management

Nonprofit Public Water Sanitation Partnerships ( is a volunteer organization formed to help developing countries to ensure the availability of safely-managed water and sanitation services to all. strives to provide helpful ideas and resources (information, tools, techniques, and volunteer expertise).